I started this blog about six months ago and resolved to write about my experiences as they happened. Unfortunately, life got away from me and that didn’t happen, so I have a lot to update!
Christmas came and went, and it was wonderful. I made pinnekjøtt for the first time for my boyfriend (and it was delicious). We had a (largely) proper Norwegian Christmas by opening presents on Christmas Eve, but we still had my American stockings on Christmas morning.
I recently travelled to Norway for the second time and I’m even more in love than I was the first time. I met more of my boyfriend’s family, and made his mother a cake for her birthday, which was a huge success (and a surprise to me, as it was the first cake I ever baked). We visited his friends in Oslo and vowed never to take the night train again–sleeping in a sleeper car is difficult, at best.
Language lessons with Kariin are going well, and I expect to ramp them up a bit to every other week instead of every three weeks, with the hope of taking the Bergenstest in September, especially since things have changed.
Part I: Degrees of Change
(Or what a job-seeking skilled worker really has to do to get a job in Norway.)
Something that isn’t necessarily advertised on the UDI website regarding those persons wishing to apply as a job-seeking skilled worker is that you must obtain a position directly relevant to your upper secondary (Bachelors degree or higher) education. That would be a handy piece of information to have up front, but we only discovered this through a friend of his who has considerable experience with immigration law in Norway. Thank goodness!
On the personal side of this, my degree is in Criminology and Criminal Justice, and while that degree is only offered in one school in Norway (and therefore makes for a smaller pool of candidates), the possibility of finding a job with my degree would be slim to none due to a smaller job market. Add to that the stress of having to secure a full-time position within six months of my arrival, and it’s a recipe for failure with the likely outcome of the authorities sending me packing back to the States.
As such, my boyfriend and I have decided to get married (something we’d discussed previously), so this means I will be moving to Norway under the family reunification rules instead. This was an eventuality that we originally wanted to postpone until we lived together for a while, but after discovering the aforementioned key element of the job-seeking skilled worker class, we decided to take the plunge, as it were. I am happy about it, and we do plan to have a larger wedding later, when both my family and his can attend, but for now, we’re just going to have a civil ceremony shortly after I move.
Part II: Planning Ahead – Pet Edition
(Or the easiest part of planning ahead, if you ignore the impending airline issues.)
My boyfriend likes to tease me sometimes about my need to plan things well in advance, but this is one instance in which it pays to plan ahead. I have a kitty. She is an awesome kitty and I love her. The biggest trip she’s been on was a trip to Anaheim, which was hours upon hours in the car, in which she was out of the cage for most of the time and hid under either my seat or my boyfriend’s seat, and generally refused to eat or drink. Needless to say, I’m a bit concerned at the idea of sticking her on a plane without me nearby. Not only that, but I was concerned about what paperwork I need to have for her and how to obtain what the authorities need insofar as documentation to ensure a smooth transition without a stressful quarantine.
First, I discovered that I can only enter the country in Oslo (Gardermoen Int’l Airport), as that is where the Official veterinarian at the Border Inspection Post is located. I sent an email to the wonderfully helpful people at BIP and received the following response:
I understand your cat is from USA and has not lived outside of USA? If this is the case, a blood test is not necessary. You will not need a pet passport, this is only for animals born in an EU country. Attached is the certificate you must use for the cat. This is first filled in by your regular veterinarian, the sent to the USDA for endorsement. After endorsement by USDA it is valid for 10 days. You must sign the owners declaration in the certificate.
The cat must be microchipped prior to rabies vaccination. It must be given a rabies vaccine when it is 12 weeks old or older. This is valid after a waiting period of 21 days. You must bring the rabies vaccination certificate from your vet and the veterinary certificate (see attachment). As soon as you have booked the flight, you can inform us about arrival date and time.
The attachment mentioned is a generic Model Animal Health Certificate form, with slashes through appropriate areas, but not a fillable form. I was able to find the correct document on the APHIS website, and they have different requirements depending on how you travel relative to the animal (and also the amount and type of animals). If you are not travelling with any dogs, you should use this link. On that page, they have fillable forms (this one is for no dogs, a cat over 16 weeks old, and travelling on the same plane as the owner), complete with instructions on how to fill them out, and which sections the owner fills out or the veterinarian fills out.
Part III: Planning Ahead – UDI/VFS Global Edition
(Or a migraine wrapped in a headache surrounded by seemingly endless aggravation and drizzled with ignorance syrup.)
Generally speaking, UDI is pleasant enough to deal with, as is the consulate. However, their “partner” for accepting applications is wholly unhelpful and lacking in knowledge about, say, the fact that I can actually immigrate on a family visa as a fianceé to a Norwegian citizen.
First off, only talk to someone at the consulate, or email UDI, to ask questions regarding the actual immigration process. I cannot stress this enough, as I wasted hours of time off, gas, and highway-robbery parking fees to visit what I thought was the consulate, but actually was VFS Global, who gave me no information I didn’t already have.
VFS Global is a third party middle-man of sorts, who accepts (for a fee) applications and then forwards them to the consulate in New York for processing. In fact, their email address is email@example.com. You will not get answers from anyone at VFS Global regarding the actual process if you have questions. Any response you do get, you may need a translation for, as I’m not entirely sure they speak English. As an example, the response I received from them when I emailed with many process-related questions was:
Thank you for your message. Biometric center do not provide information regarding questions what you have written down. Biometric center purpose is accept visa/resident permit requirements for the type of visa/resident permit you are applying for and forward this information to consulate. Visa officer at that time will contact applicant directly if additional information is required. Same time per consulate traveler is required to follow requirements directly from consulate website. Biometric center is not able to respond to your queries. Please contact directly with consulate.
VFS Global’s fee–which is in addition to the UDI application fee–is $33, plus a fee for requiring a signature on delivery ($3.95, if desired), shipping ($30 for FedEx overnight-required selection), and processing ($1.89 without delivery signature, $2.01 with delivery signature). Add another $16 with processing if you want to upload your passport photo instead of handing it into them in person. You cannot get around using VFS Global, as the consulates no longer accept visa applications in person at any of the consulates.
(Little Tidbit: The consulate seems to think people can opt out of having the items shipped to them and opt for in-person pickup, but this is not the case through their ordering system. I was specifically told by someone at the consulate that, “You don’t have to pay any courier fee if you pick up your passport in person at the VFS office once we have sent it back to VFS.” I wish. Honestly, though, with the cost of gas and parking in San Francisco, I think the shipping cost would be comparable.)
So, the tl;dr version of this–to save yourself a massive headache–is basically to deal with VFS Global only when you have to and simply ask UDI or the consulate any questions about the actual immigration process.
Part IV: Planning Ahead – The Dreaded Driver’s License Edition
(Or headache redux.)
For me, this is one of the worst parts about moving. I have juvenile myoclonis, which is a form of epilepsy. Although I’ve been seizure-free since October 2001, the process of getting my license was originally a pain in the you-know-what. Transferring a driver’s license in Norway from the US is not as simple as it was when I moved to Canada, or even when I moved back to the States. For Canada, I just needed a doctor’s certification to transfer my license. Norway is different.
I’ve taken one driving test in my lifetime, and that was the one I took over ten years ago in California when I originally obtained my driver’s license. I’ve taken two written tests: one in California and one in Montana. (The one in Montana was when I moved back from Canada and transferred my license back to the States.) In Norway, transferring your license requires a practical (driving) exam, and you only get one chance to pass the test. If you fail, do not pass go, do not collect $200. Go back to the beginning and enroll in the entire gamut of driving theory and practical practice, which is very costly.
The driving test isn’t just a simple driving test, either. The instructor will apparently ask questions that would otherwise be on a written test. As someone who already gets test anxiety, this makes the prospect of transferring my driver’s license even more anxiety-inducing, and makes me question the legality of taking a small dose of lorazepam prior to the test to even out the jitters.
Once upon a time, Americans could simply exchange their driver’s license without a practical exam, but that has changed, according to the regulations. Due to the extraordinarily high cost of going through the entire driver education programme, I have uncovered the following to avoid that potentiality:
- Resolve to spend a little more money upfront to avoid spending A LOT more if you fail the test. Full driver education programs cost upward of $2,000 (USD), and are required if you fail the test. I know some people have spent far more than $2,000 (USD) on trying to get their driver’s license in Norway.
- The practical exam itself costs 1040kr, and the theoretical exam costs 600kr.
- Find a place to take the test that isn’t in a dense city (i.e. Oslo!). Cities have a high fail rate.
- Find a good driver education school where you want to take the test, and have at least a few lessons prior to the test. The cost varies depending on the school (try to get recommendations); I will be paying 650kr per 45 minutes.
- You will have to rent a vehicle for the practical exam from a driving school, as it needs the special passenger driving tools in case the proctor needs to take control. I have been told that if you take courses with a school, many will allow the use of the vehicle for free.
- Use the Teoritentamen app/website. Sign up for the 30-day access (449kr) for the courses and practice exams.
- Get and study The Road to Getting Your Driving License (485kr) along with the Q&A Workbook (297kr).
- Get help from Norwegian family and friends who are licensed drivers.
- If you want to be able to drive a manual transmission vehicle, you have to take the test in a manual transmission vehicle. If you do not, you will only be licensed to drive automatic vehicles!
- Remember that you only have one year to get your license transferred over to Norway. After that, you have to go through all the driver education as if you were a new driver, and your American driver’s license is no longer valid. You can be charged as a criminal if you drive with an invalid license, which bars your ability to enroll in driver education courses, and, therefore, bars you from obtaining a license for however long they decide to place you on probation. (I recommend starting the process no more than six months after you establish residence to account for a 3-month processing time and any possible delays.)
I’m still inquiring about the specifics on the issue surrounding my epilepsy, but so far, Statens vegvesen has not mentioned the need for a doctor’s certification, since I already have a driver’s license. I’m going to get a statement from my doctor, regardless, and also get in to see a neurologist in Norway once I’m there (also because I need a new prescription for my meds). So far, this is what they’ve told me:
There are some exchange requirements that your driving licence must meet. This is some of the requirements:
The driving licence must be issued in one of the countries acknowledged for exchange
Your driving entitlement must be of equal value and valid.
You must have obtained your driving entitlement during a continuous stay in the issuing country of at least six months.
How to apply:
You have to meet in person at your local Driver and Vehicle Licensing Office, and bring the following:
a completed application – the application form is available here
your foreign driving licence
residence certificate – it can be ordered from www.skatteetaten.no
If you have driving entitlements in heavy vehicle categories, you have to bring a medical certificate. The medical certificate can be dated no longer than 3 months ago. – This may apply to you relative the information you provide. If so, You must obtain a health certificate from a Norwegian doctor, of course you can bring your papers from the United States to the doctor. Check with the traffic station when you apply for a trade in.
You do not need an appointment to deliver the application. Click here to find a list of Driver and Vehicles Licensing Offices and opening hours. (Norwegian text only)
You will get the decision by post
Once the application is processed, you will receive the decision by post. Estimated processing time is three months. If the exchange is granted, the decision will include information on what you must do next.
Relevant regulations: the Driving licence regulations § 10-2 (Norwegian text only)
They didn’t quite answer my question regarding my epilepsy, but I feel it’s better to be safe than sorry, and I fully plan to have documentation from my neurologist here in the States, as well as a neurologist in Norway.
Well, that’s all the sagely advice and hard-won information I have for today. Check out the Resources section, which will be updated with links and information from this post.